1. Health
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Burn First Aid

Assessment and Treatment of Burns

By

Updated May 20, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Burns happen to millions of Americans every year. Are you ready to treat burns?

Burn Classifications

Young woman with sunburn tanlines, mid section
Dougal Waters/The Image Bank/Getty Images

There are four classifications of burns: thermal, chemical, radiation and electrical. Chemical and electrical burns are self-explanatory. Thermal burns come from heat, which includes scalding hot liquids. Radiation burns come from radioactive metals as well as the sun. Sometimes, abrasions are called friction burns.

Burn Degrees

There are only three degrees of burns, and all three refer to how deep the burn goes through the skin. Burns can go all the way down to the muscle and even bone, but skin is all we care about for the purposes of treatment.

Critical Burns

Some burns are so critical they need to go directly to the hospital, even though some critical burns don't look that bad.

Burn Pictures

These pictures help illustrate the different burn degrees. Besides sunburns and thermal burns, there are also friction burns (road rash).

Burn Treatment

The first step to treating a burn is to stop the burning process. Chemicals need to be cleaned off. Electricity needs to be turned off. Heat needs to be cooled down. Sunburn victims need to be covered up or go inside.

Related Video
How to Treat a Burn

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.

We comply with the HONcode standard
for trustworthy health
information: verify here.