A quick primer on the most basic first aid procedures. This is no substitute for proper first aid training, but it will get you through a minor crisis.
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Regardless how severe, almost all bleeding can be controlled. If left uncontrolled, bleeding may lead to shock or even death.
The first step to treating a burn is to stop the burning process. Chemicals need to be cleaned off. Electricity needs to be turned off. Heat needs to be cooled down. Sunburn victims need to be covered up or go inside.
Whether or not a blister needs any treatment is still debatable. If the blister is small, unbroken and not very painful, it is probably best to leave it alone. If the blister is large or painful -- especially if the activity isn’t finished (such as you are in the middle of a hike) -- follow these steps to drain and dress it.
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All extremity injuries need to be treated as broken bones (fractures) until an X-ray can be obtained.
The symptoms of a sprain are almost exactly the same as that of a broken bone. When in doubt, sprains should be treated the same as broken bones.
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Most of us have had a bloody nose at some time in our lives. It simply means bleeding from the inside of the nose, the mucous membrane (where snot comes from).
Frostbite occurs when the body's tissues freeze deeply in the cold. Ice crystals that form in the tissues cause damage to the cells.
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are either annoyingly painful or deadly, depending on if the victim is allergic to the venom.
Splinters can become infected if left under the skin too long. Look for signs of infection before trying to remove a splinter.
The problem with jellyfish is that they sneak up on their victims. Swimmers are cruising along in the ocean one minute, and feeling the sting of the jellyfish the next.